Thursday, February 20, 2014

Wednesday, February 19, 2014

Book Fukushima: The Story of a Nuclear Disaster

Fukushima: The Story of a Nuclear Disaster[Hardcover]

David Lochbaum Edwin Lyman Susan Q. StranahanThe Union of Concerned Scientists 

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Book Description

February 11, 2014  1595589082  978-1595589088
On March 11, 2011, an earthquake large enough to knock the earth from its axis sent a massive tsunami speeding toward the Japanese coast and the aging and vulnerable Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power reactors. Over the following weeks, the world watched in horror as a natural disaster became a man-made catastrophe: fail-safes failed, cooling systems shut down, nuclear rods melted.

In the first definitive account of the Fukushima disaster, two leading experts from the Union of Concerned Scientists, David Lochbaum and Edwin Lyman, team up with journalist Susan Q. Stranahan, the lead reporter of the Philadelphia Inquirer’s Pulitzer Prize–winning coverage of the Three Mile Island accident, to tell this harrowing story. Fukushima combines a fast-paced, riveting account of the tsunami and the nuclear emergency it created with an explanation of the science and technology behind the meltdown as it unfolded in real time. Bolstered by photographs, explanatory diagrams, and a comprehensive glossary, the narrative also extends to other severe nuclear accidents to address both the terrifying question of whether it could happen elsewhere and how such a crisis can be averted in the future.


"The book is a gripping, suspenseful page-turner finely crafted to appeal both to people familiar with the science and those with only the barest inkling of how nuclear power works. Even with the broad outlines of the story in the public record, the authors have uncovered many important details that never came to light during the saturation-level media coverage."
Kirkus Reviews

"Their thriller-like, minute-by-minute chronicle covers every harrowing technical breakdown, backed by briskly informative illuminations of the science underlying the boiling-water reactors and the systems designed to prevent their meltdown. They are equally precise in their coverage of the human side of the story, from the grave dangers confronting the plant’s valiant staff to the scrambling of public officials to the trauma of evacuees as explosions wracked Fukushima and radiation leaks increased. As the crisis at Fukushima continues, this exacting and chilling record of epic failures in risk assessment, regulation, preparedness, and transparency will stand as a cautionary analysis of the perils of nuclear power the world over."
Booklist (starred review)

"Anyone seriously interested in understanding the issues involved in delivering ‘safe’ nuclear energy will be rewarded by reading this book; anybody involved in delivering nuclear power should be required to read it."
—Robert Gallucci, president of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

"It’s hard to imagine a more comprehensive and compelling account of what happened after an earthquake and tsunami struck the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in March 2011. There are lessons in this book for all of us. This book is a must-read for anyone who cares about nuclear power."
—Robert J. Rosenthal, executive director of the Center for Investigative Reporting

"A compelling analysis of the nuclear disaster at Fukushima and a pointed challenge to the nuclear industry and its regulators."
—Rush Holt, U.S. House of Representatives

"A riveting account of the unfolding of the Fukushima accident that gives the reader a feel for how hard it is to respond to an unprecedented catastrophe in the face of uncertainty."
—Victor Gilinsky, former commissioner at the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

"Everyone who cares about the Faustian bargain we make for nuclear energy must read this terrifying story."
—David Suzuki, co-founder of the David Suzuki Foundation and host of The Nature of Things

"This amazing book provides both a blow-by-blow account of the Fukushima accident and an exploration of what needs to be done worldwide to improve nuclear safety. Essential reading, whether you agree with all of its conclusions or not."
—Matthew Bunn, professor at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government

"Gripping and authoritative, Fukushima opens a new chapter in the debate on the difficult and perhaps impossible goal of safe nuclear power."
—Alexander Glaser, assistant professor at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

About the Author

David Lochbaum is the head of the Union of Concerned Scientists’ Nuclear Safety Project and author of Nuclear Waste Disposal Crisis. He lives in Chattanooga. Edwin Lyman is a senior scientist in the Global Security Program of the Union of Concerned Scientists. He lives in Washington, D.C. Susan Q. Stranahan is the author of Susquehanna: River of Dreams. She lives in Maine. The Union of Concerned Scientists is the leading science-based nonprofit working for a healthy environment and a safer world.

Febrary 2014

TEPCO is behaving as though it is the victim of the largest industrial accident in the history of time rather than the perpetrator. Fairewinds Energy Education's Arnie Gundersen analyzes new leaks at Fukushima Daiichi Unit 3 and discusses TEPCO's negligence in not applying engineering rigor to its analysis of the leaks.
Link to Fairewinds Speech at the New York Academy of Medicine:
found warm radioactive water leak in unit 3
containment comprimised and leaking water

Thursday, February 13, 2014

Fukushima Groundwater Cesium Double compared to July

Fukushima Groundwater Cesium Double compared to July

Groundwater cesium reaches record level


detected a record 54,000 becquerels of radioactive cesium per liter in groundwater collected..east of the reactor 2 turbine at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant...was 22,000 .. July 2013.
Safe level is (7)
Well 1-3 was previously found to have:
11,000 bq/liter of cesium 134
22,000 bq/liter of cesium 137
Now well 1-13 was found to have:
22,000 bq/liter of cesium 134
54,000 bq/liter of cesium 137


US EPA Limits of Radioactive Isotopes:

EPA has established a maximum contaminant level of 4 millirem per year for beta particle and photon radioactivity from man-made radionuclide’s in drinking water.
Iodine-131 = 3piC/L (0.11 Bq/L)
Cesium-137 = 200 picocuries per liter (7.41 Bq/L)
Stronium-90 = 8 picocuries per liter. (0.30 Bq/L)
Technetium-99 = 900 picocuries per liter (33.3 Bq/L)
Tritium = 20,000 picocuries per liter (741 Bq/L)
Uranium-238 = 30 µg/L (micrograms/liter)
Iodine-129 = 3 picocuries per liter (0.11 Bq/L)
Milk = 170 Bq/kg (of iodine-131)

Arnie Gunderson on Fukushima Unit 3 Wreckage Fuel Removal Problem

Arnie Gunderson on Fukushima Unit 3 Wreckage Fuel Removal Problem

There is a semi-truck worth of wreckage on top of the Unit 3 fuel pool - it is essentially impossible with current or forseeable technology to remove the hot fuel.